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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

2 edition of Economic factors and Soviet arms control policy found in the catalog.

Economic factors and Soviet arms control policy

Fritz Walter Ermarth

Economic factors and Soviet arms control policy

The economic burden of the Soviet defense effort

by Fritz Walter Ermarth

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  • 10 Currently reading

Published by Arms Control Project, Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Soviet Union
    • Subjects:
    • Soviet Union -- Defenses.,
    • Soviet Union -- Economic policy.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementFritz Ermarth.
      ContributionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for International Studies.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsUA770 .E75
      The Physical Object
      Pagination 1 v. (various pagings) ;
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL5977118M
      LC Control Number66003762
      OCLC/WorldCa3334712

      In terms of economic development, Russia before and after the Soviet era was just an average economy. If the Soviet era is distinguished, it was not by economic growth or its contribution to human development, but by the use of the economy to build national power over many decades. In this respect, the Soviet economy was a success. in pushing the Soviet Union into ending the Cold War. By the time Brezhnev died in , both the political and economic policies of the Soviet Union were in crisis. Under Brezhnev the Soviets spent even more resources on foreign policy. Although involved in important arms treaties with the USA, it was under Brezhnev that the USSR achieved.

        From an economic standpoint, his interest in arms control appears aimed at two important objectives: first, reducing military spending in order . CONTRASTING APPROACHES TO STRATEGIC ARMS CONTROL, Robert L. PfaltzgrafJ, Jr (ed) POLITICS AND THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM, Robert L. PfaltzgrafJ, Jr (ed) THE USSR ARMS THE THIRD WORLD: CASE STUDIES IN SOVIET FOREIGN POLICY, Uri Ra'anan THE POLITICS OF THE COUP D'ETAT, Uri Ra'anan and W. G. Andrews (eds).

      3. Conventional arms transfers during the Soviet period Yuriy Kirshin 4. Economic dimensions of Soviet and Russian arms exports Ian Anthony 5. The influence of external factors on Russia's arms export policy Sergey Kortunov 6. The process of policy making and licensing for conventional arms .   Discusses (1) the size of Soviet military forces (nuclear, naval, air and ground) (2) the ideological drive behind Soviet defence policy (3) possible future doctrinal developments. Since the late s, changing technology has stimulated doctrinal change, giving rise to concepts of multi-front operations. But the doctrinal vision is at the moment unrealisable, and the Soviets may thus be.


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Economic factors and Soviet arms control policy by Fritz Walter Ermarth Download PDF EPUB FB2

This book is about the interest of the contemporary Soviet Union in various forms of arms control and disarmament measures. At a minimum it is useful to understand better why the Soviet Union behaved as it did over the past ten or so years in dealing with this range of issues.

Get this from a library. Economic factors and Soviet arms control policy: the economic burden of the Soviet defense effort. [Fritz Walter Ermarth; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for International Studies. Arms Control Project.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Center for International Studies.]. The economy of the Soviet Union was based on state ownership of the means of production, collective farming, and industrial highly centralized Soviet-type economic planning was managed by the administrative-command Soviet economy was characterized by state control of investment, a dependence on natural resources, shortages, public ownership of industrial Currency: Soviet ruble (SUR).

Soviet Union - Soviet Union - Economic policy: The economic stagnation of the late Brezhnev era was the result of various factors: the exhaustion of easily available resources, especially raw materials, and the growing structural imbalance of the economy due to the distorting effects of the incentive system, which paralyzed initiative and dissuaded people from doing an honest day’s work.

economic dimensions of Soviet and now Russian arms transfers. Differences of view about the historical importance of economic factors in Soviet arms export behaviour are reflected among the Russian authors who have contributed to this book. For example, in chapter 5 Sergey Kortunov.

Starting inwith Joseph Stalin's rise to power, a command economy characterized by totalitarian control over political, social, and economic life would define the Soviet. Beginning in the early s, the Soviet regime proclaimed a policy of détente and sought increased economic cooperation and disarmament negotiations with the West.

However, the Soviet stance on human rights and its invasion of Afghanistan in created new tensions between the two countries. The Soviet strategic planners had to presume that it would work.

Gorbachev's Glasnost and Perestroika. When Mikhail Gorbachev was assured of gaining control of the Communist Party and the government of the Soviet Union he sought out Aleksandr Yakoblev, a specialist in North American affairs, to be one of his closest political advisors.

Détente (a French word meaning release from tension) is the name given to a period of improved relations between the United States and the Soviet.

Russia’s Soviet era was distinguished not by economic growth or human development, but by the use of the economy to build national power. On the centenary of the Bolshevik revolution ofthis column shows that while the education of women and better survival rates of children improved opportunities for many citizens, Soviet Russia was a tough and unequal environment in.

Arms control, any international control or limitation of the development, testing, production, deployment, or use of weapons based on the premise that the continued existence of certain national military establishments is inevitable. The concept implies some form of collaboration between generally competitive or antagonistic states in areas of military policy to diminish the likelihood of war.

By the mids, the Soviet Union had 98 percent control of the retail trade. Private businesses were taboo. It was only the small family farms in rural areas that remained in the hands of. The problem investigated here is how Soviet perceptions of particular military threats, in this case from NATO's new INF missiles, affect their arms control negotiating policy.

This study most closely examines Soviet writings in the period and relies on extensive interviewing, sponsored by IREX, at the Soviet Academy of Sciences Institutes. In this section we are looking at the economic impact of Stalin's policies on Soviet Union.

Upon taking over control, he sought to modernise Soviet Union by undertaking two policies: a) Collectivisation b) Industrialisation (5 Year plan) In this section, we will be evaluating the economic policies that Stalin has imposed on Soviet Union.

Soviet foreign trade played only a minor role in the Sovietfor example, exports and imports each accounted for only 4 percent of the Soviet gross national Soviet Union maintained this low level because it could draw upon a large energy and raw material base, and because it historically had pursued a policy of self-sufficiency.

Soviet Foreign Policy. Erik P. Hoffmann, Robbin Frederick Laird, Frederic J. Fleron argued arms control Brezhnev capitalist Central Committee China civilian Communist parties concept conflict conventional cooperation countries CPSU crisis culture debate decision defense detente diplomatic doctrine domestic East East-West Eastern Europe.

John Erickson, ‘The Soviet Strategic Emplacement in Asia’, Asian Affairs, vol. 12, no. 1, Feb. Lilita Dzirkals, Soviet Policy Statements and Military Deployments in Northeast Asia (Santa Monica: Rand, P, Oct. ); Gerald Segal, ‘The Soviet Union and the Triangle’ in Gerald Segal (ed.)The China Factor (London: Croom Helm, ); Paul Dibb, ‘Soviet Capabilities, Interests.

Why the Soviets violate arms control treaties. Washington: Pergamon-Brassey's International Defense Publishers, (OCoLC) Online version: Douglass, Joseph D.

Why the Soviets violate arms control treaties. Washington: Pergamon-Brassey's International Defense Publishers, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors. Using all available sources, including many hitherto unresearched primary Soviet and Chinese materials, they analyzed in depth the chief factors in the period that appeared to influence Soviet arms control policy – the military balance, the political posture of the West, pressures within the Communist world, the economic cost of the arms race.

In the past, especially under Brezhnev, a buildup of the U.S.S.R.’s military power was seen as the main guarantee of Soviet security; arms control was of secondary importance.

Under Gorbachev, arms control is seen as a major instrument for enhancing Soviet security, and especially for reducing the economic burden of the arms race. Soviet Defense and Arms Control Policy John Van Oudenaren July Prepared for the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy These factors began to change in late and the first half of economic situation continued to deteriorate, creating pressing reasons.

The Soviet’s launch of the first Sputnik satellite on October 4,stunned and concerned the United States and the rest of the world, as it took the Cold War arms .The study identifies military, political, and economic factors that influence the Soviet response to SDI.

The author concludes that the Soviets have a genuine concern about SDI, and they will continue their attempts to stop the SDI program at the arms-control negotiations.